Learn  Ch Class Consonants         -    Featured

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Sinhalese " Ch" Class Consonants ""   

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON TWENTY NINE

Sinhalese Consonants  Ch class [8]         -   

The consonant signs of the "Ch" class can be classified into three groups, based on the vocalization. i.e. unaspirated, aspirated and nasal:



1. Unaspirated consonants [two]  

 named "Alpapraana Chayanna" is pronounced "cha".

 named "Alpapraana Jayanna" is pronounced "ja".



2. Aspirated consonants [two]  

 named "Mahaapraana Chayanna" is pronounced "cha".

 named "Mahaapraana Jayanna" is pronounced "ja".



3. Nasal consonants [four]    

 named "Thaaluja Naasikyaya" is pronounced "nga".

 named "Thaaluja Sanyooga Naasikyaya" is pronounced "nga".

 named "Sangnhaka Chayanna" is pronounced "ncha".

 named "Sangnghaka Jayanna" is pronounced "nja".



The above are the "Ch" class symbols and can occupy any position within a word except  and  which cannot appear initially.

Note: All of the above symbols are present in the SLIIC encoding standard.

See the pronunciation instructions under the individual letter name.


Sinhalese Consonant  Alpapraana Chayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY

 Alpapraana Chayanna  

Alpapraana Chayanna  is the eighth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, Alpapraana Chayanna  is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "cha". It has the sound of English "chu" represented as in "church", "chum" and "chutney".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct this symbol.

This consonant letter "Alpapraana Chayanna " of the Sinhalese alphabet is a vertical one as it lies between the 'vertical height' and 'baseline' rules.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Alpapraana Chayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> Chakraya = Circle 220px-Circle-withsegments.svg



 <> Chan'dhana = Sandal wood sandawood



 <> Chan~chala = Shaking 230px-Paralysis agitans (1907, after St. Leger)



 <> Chathura = Four



 <> Chan'dhraya‚ = Moon 280px-FullMoon2010



 <> Chalanaya = Vibration Vibration



 <> Pach'cha = Green green



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

Sinhalese Consonant  Mahaapraana Chayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY ONE

 Mahaapraana Chayanna  

Mahaapraana Chayanna  is the nineth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, Mahaapraana Chayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "cha". It has the sound of English "chu" represented as in "church", "chum" and "chutney".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol. Well done you made the " Mahaapraana Chayanna".

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Mahaapraana Chayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> Chathraya = Umbrella 220px-Parasol wuhan



 <> Chadhaya = Leaf leaf



 <> Chan'dhaya = Intention/Vote party



 <> Chawiya = Skin skin



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

Sinhalese Consonant  Alpapraana Jayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY TWO

 Alpapraana Jayanna  

Alpapraana Jayanna  is the tenth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Alpapraana Jayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "ja". It has the short sound of English "j" represented as in "jug", "jump".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Alpapraana Jayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> Jagathiya = World Earth Eastern Hemisphere



 <> Jagaraya = Armour armour



 <> Jan~ggala = Jungle jungle



 <> Janapadhaya = State 250px-Australia history



 <> Janaya‚ = People party



 <> Jaghana = Hip mother child onhip



 <> Jata‚wa = Head-Gear matted



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

Sinhalese Consonant  Mahaapraana Jayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY THREE

 Mahaapraana Jayanna  

Mahaapraana Jayanna  is the eleventh Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Mahaapraana Jayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "ja". It has the short sound of English "j" represented as in "junk", "jump" and "jug".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Mahaapraana Jayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> Jan~gka‚raya = Chirping 350px-Solsort



 <> Jaraya = Waterfall 220px-Salto del Angel-Canaima-Venezuela08



 <> Jal'lakaya = Cymbal cymbal



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

Sinhalese Consonant  Thaaluja Naasikyaya  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY FOUR

 Thaaluja Naasikyaya  

Thaaluja Naasikyaya  is the twelveth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, Thaaluja Naasikyaya  is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "jna". It has the sound of English "nch" represented as in "punch".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Thaaluja Naasikyaya  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> N~jath'thiya = Declaration declaration



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

Sinhalese Consonant  Thaaluja Sanyooga Naasikyaya   

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY FIVE

 Thaaluja Sanyooga Naasikyaya   

Thaaluja Sanyooga Naasikyaya  is the thirteenth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, Thaaluja Sanyooga Naasikyaya  is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "jna". It has the sound of English "nch" represented as in "crunch".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

 

 

 

 

 

 

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Thaaluja Sanyooga Naasikyaya  can occur anywhare in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> Gn~ap'thiya = Knowledge



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

Sinhalese Consonant  Sangnghaka Chayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY SIX

 Sangnghaka Chayanna  

Sangnghaka Chayanna  is the fourteenth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Sangnghaka Chayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "ncha". It has the sound of English "nch" represented as in "bench".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Sangnghaka Chayanna  can occur anywhare in a word except initially.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> Chan~chalaya = Trembling 230px-Paralysis agitans (1907, after St. Leger)



 <> Chan~chala‚wa = Lightning lightning



 <> Pan~chaguna = Fivefold 5birds



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

Sinhalese Consonant  Sangnghaka Jayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON THIRTY SEVEN

 Sangnghaka Jayanna  

 Sangnghaka Jayanna is the fifteenth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Sangnghaka Jayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "ngha". Sangnghaka Jayanna  has the sound of English "ng", "ngh". as in "sing" and "ping".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Sangnghaka Jayanna  cannot begin a word.

2. Sangnghaka Jayanna  can occur in the middle and end of a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

 <> Wyan~janaya = Curry curry



 <> Man~jariya = Cluster foxtail



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2015 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM

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