Learn  Sa Class Consonants          -    Featured

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Sinhalese Consonants " Sa" Class ""   

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY ONE

Sinhalese Consonants  Sa class [9]          -   

The consonant signs of the "Sa" class can be classified into three groups, based on the vocalization. i.e. unaspirated, aspirated and nasal:



1. Unaspirated consonants [four]    

 named "Thaaluja Sayanna" is pronounced "sa", sometimes as "sh"

 named "Dantaja Sayanna" is pronounced "sa"

 named "Fayanna" is pronounced "fa"

The "fa" sound was represented from the 1800's as "Alpapraana Payanna" with a superimposed "f", which later took the current shape shown above.

 named "Zayanna" is pronounced "za"

The traditional Sinhalese lacked a symbol for vocalizing the English "Z". Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe introduced a new letter "" to the Sinhalese alphabet in 1982, so that future writers can transliterate the English "Z". In this era of globalization, it is very important to be able to transliterate the "Z" sound as this phoneme appears in many other languages.

Sa class UnAsp



2. Aspirated consonants [two]  

 named "Moordhaja Shayanna" is pronounced "sha"

 named "Hayanna" is pronounced "ha"



3. Nasal consonants [three]   

 named "Moordhaja Layanna" is pronounced "la"

 named "Moordhaja Luyanna" is pronounced "lu"

 named "Visargaya" is pronounced as guttural "hk"



The above are the "Sa" class symbols and can occupy any position within a word except for  and  which cannot occur in the initial position of a word.

Note: All of the above symbols are present in the SLIIC encoding standard.

See the pronunciation instructions under the individual letter name.


Sinhalese Consonant  Thaaluja Sayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY TWO

 Thaaluja Sayanna  

Thaaluja Sayanna  is the forty-third Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Thaaluja Sayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "sa". It has the short sound of English "S" represented as in "sum", "some" and "supper".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct this symbol.

This consonant letter " Thaaluja Sayanna" of the Sinhalese alphabet is a horizontal one as it lies between the 'horizontal height' and 'baseline' rules.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

ThaalujaSayanna

 

 

 

 

 

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Thaaluja Sayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Sathaya = Cent 12813763680pd053



 <> Saraya = Arrow arrow



 <> Sareeraya = Body body



 <> Sapaya = Loaf 1306693658rTy2Qe



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Moordhaja Shayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY THREE

 Moordhaja Shayanna  

 Moordhaja Shayanna the forty-fourth Sinhalese consonant. "Moordhaja Shayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "sha". It has the short sound of English "Sh" represented as in "shout", "shut" and "shun". It can occur independantly or ligated with  [k'k] to form "" [k'ksha]



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

Well done you made the "Moordhaja Shayanna ".

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

MoordhajaShayanna

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Moordhaja Shayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Shataka = Sixfold free 8854827



 <> Shash'ta = Sixth 1336096637Re5e19



 <> K'shara = Water



 <> Pak'shaya = Party



 <> K'shathiya = Wound



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Dantaja Sayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY FOUR

 Dantaja Sayanna  

"Dantaja Sayanna " is the forty-fifth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Dantaja Sayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "sa". It has the short sound of English "s" represented as in "sun", "supper" and "sudden".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

DantajaSayanna

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Dantaja Sayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Sakala = All small-keys-1424845-s



 <> Sakula = Tribe 1308773826ebKipJ



 <> San~gkhya‚wa = Number 1334128321Tufwv6



 <> San~gara‚wa = Magazine lotus logo



 <> Sath'tha = Caravan free 13769873



 <> Sath'waya‚ = Animal 1236503442MnhL79



 <> San'dhya‚ = Evening 240 F 54651413qk6xewjWf598Wcn9XgGR1MYtDh0XYWQF



 <> San~dha = Moon 280px-FullMoon2010



 <> Saban' = Soap orange-bar-of-soap-731884-s



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Hayanna 

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY FIVE

 Hayanna 

Hayanna  is the forty-sixth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Hayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "ha". It has the short sound of English "h" represented as in "hum", "hunt" and "hut".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

This symbol looks like an English "S" turned 90 degrees couner-clockwise. With a pen or pencil draw in a counter-clockwise direction starting at the 'horizontal height' rule. Make a half circle like a "C" to lie between the 'horizontal height' and 'baseline' rules. The bottom of this semi-circle should sit on the 'baseline'. Continue to stroke the pen from the bottom end of the semi-circle gradually to the right and upwards, stopping between the 'horizontal height' and 'baseline' rules.

Then reverse the direction and make an arc upwards to the right to meet the 'horizontal height' rule. Continue the stroke gradually curving downwards to the right to form a semicircular arc, like a mirrored "C" extending down to the 'baseline' and continue to curve in the same direction and end just above the 'baseline'.

Well done you made the "Hayanna ".

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

Hayanna

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Hayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Han~gsaya‚ = Swan swan-1440787-s



 <> Hakuru = Palm sugar Palm-Jaggery



 <> Hath'tha = Mushroom fungus-1434949-s



 <> Habala = Paddle catamaran 340x230



 <> Haya = Six 1336096637Re5e19



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Moordhaja Layanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY SIX

 Moordhaja Layanna  

Moordhaja Layanna  is the forty-seventh Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants,  is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "La". It has the short sound of English "L" represented as in "Lung", "Lunge" and "Lust".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

MoordhajaLayanna

 

 

 

 

 

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Moordhaja Layanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Ladharuwa‚ = Infant baby-boy-1281126-s



 <> Lapati = Tender green-plants-1273064-s



 <> Lamaya‚ = Child 220px-Crying-girlallyson



 <> Balala‚ = Cat cat



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Moordhaja Luyanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY SEVEN

 Moordhaja Luyanna  

Moordhaja Luyanna  is the forty-eighth Sinhalese symbol of this class, but it is the vowelized form of the former consonent, "Moordhaja Layanna " and is included here for digital encoding purposes.

The symbol is vocalized as "lue" as in "clue", "lu" as in "lupine", and "loo" as in "loon". There are no words begining with it, unless it is lengthened by addition of a vowel representation glyph "". This letter occurs within words.



How to write this letter:

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

MoordhajaLuyanna

 

 

 

 

 

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Moordhaja Luyanna  can occur inside a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Aralu = Yellow Myrobalan yellow myrobalan



 <> Ka‚walu = Millet millet 0



 <> Ghanakalu = Hail



 <> Wae'ralu = Wild Olive Cinnamomum camphora Turramurra railway



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Fayanna 

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY EIGHT

 Fayanna 

Fayanna  is the forty-nineth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, Fayanna "" is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "fa". It has the short sound of English "f" represented as in "fun", "fuss" and "fumble".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

Fayanna

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Fayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS

"" <> "Faree" = Furry[transliteration] cat



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Zayanna  [New Letter]

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON SEVENTY NINE

 Zayanna 

The Zayanna  is the fiftieth Sinhalese consonant. This is a new letter introduced here and created by Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe in 1982.

The Sinhalese consonant  has the sound of English "z", as in "zip", "zoo" and "zodiac". Until 1982, there was no Sinhalese symbol to represent this important sound occuring in other present-day languages.



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

Zayanna

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Zayanna  can occur anywhere in a word, when used for transliteration.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

"" <> "Buzr'd'" = Buzzard[transliteration]

2008 11 12 Buzzard 03



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Visargaya 

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON EIGHTY

 Visargaya 

The Visargaya "" is the fifty-first Sinhalese consonant.

This Sinhalese consonant "" has the sound of English "h" as in "ah", "laugh" and "bah".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

Visargaya

IMPORTANT LINGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Visargaya  can occur anywhere in a word except at initial position.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Ah = Alas!

 



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

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