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Sinhalese Consonants " Th" Class ""   

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FORTY SEVEN

Sinhalese Consonants  Th class [10]          

The consonant signs of the "Th" class can be classified into three groups, based on the vocalization. i.e. unaspirated, aspirated and nasal:





1. Unaspirated consonants [two]  

 named "Alpapraana Thayanna" is pronounced "tha".

 named "Alpapraana Dhayanna" is pronounced "dha".



2. Aspirated consonants [three]   

 is pronounced "th'" as it is an aspirated form of "Alpapraana Thayanna " named "Keti Alpapraana Thayanna". The left half of letter  written as  is often combined with a limited number of consonants to produce ligated letter complexes. This semi-letter form produces the same effect as adding "alkireema" to "tha" <> "th'" sound. e.g.  ; 

 named "Mahaapraana Thayanna" is pronounced "tha".

 named "Mahaapraana Dhayanna" is pronounced "dha".









3. Nasal consonants [five]     

 named "Sangnghaka Vayanna" is pronounced "dhva". It represents a ligated "Alpapraana Dhayanna" with "Vayanna" hence the voclization as "dhva".

 named "Sangnghaka Mahaapraana Dhayanna" is pronounced "dhdha". This symbol represents a ligated "Mahaapraana Dhayanna" with itself, hence the voclization as "dhdha".

 named "Dantaja Nayanna" is pronounced "na"

 named "Keti Dantaja Nayanna" is pronounced "nn'".

The left half of letter  written as  is often combined with a limited number of consonants to produce ligated letter complexes. This semi-letter form produces the same effect as adding "alkireema" to "na" <> "nn'" sound. e.g.  ;  ; 

 is pronounced "ndha" named "Sangnghaka Dhayanna". It represents a ligated "Dantaja Nayanna " with "Alpapraana Dhayanna " hence the voclization as "ndha".









The above are the "Th" class symbols and can occupy any position in a word except for  , ,  , and , which cannot occupy the initial position.

Note: All of the above symbols are present in the SLIIC encoding standard.

See the pronunciation instructions under the individual letter name.

Sinhalese Consonant  Alpapraana Thayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FORTY EIGHT

 Alpapraana Thayanna  

Alpapraana Thayanna  is the twenty-fourth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Alpapraana Thayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "tha". It has the compound sound of English "th" represented as in "thud", "thump" and "thug".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

With a pen or pencil draw a dark oval at the level of the 'horizontal height' rule, and stroke the pen from the top towards the right to make a small tight arc to look like a large "comma". From the bottom of the "hook', next start a new stroke in a clockwise direction and make a reversed "C" towards the 'baseline' rule. The bottom of this semi-circle should sit on the 'baseline'. Continue to stroke the pen from the bottom end of the semi-circle gradually to the left and upwards, stopping midway between the 'horizontal height' and 'baseline' rules.

Then reverse the direction and make an arc townwards the 'baseline' rule. Now continue a curve to the right begining at the 'baseline' rule to reach the 'horizontal height' rule. Proceed to make a semi-circle ending at the 'baseline' rules.

This is a horizontally oriented consonant letter of the Sinhalese alphabet as it lies between the 'horizontal height' and 'baseline' rules.

Well done, you made the "Alpapraana Thayanna ".

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

AlpapraanaThayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Alpapraana Thayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Thak'ka‚li = Tomato 220px-Bright red tomato and cross section02



 <> Thak'shakaya‚ = Carpenter 800px-Indiacarpenter



 <> Thakra = Buttermilk 239px-Buttermilk-(right)-and-Milk-(left)



 <> Thataya = Shore shore 340x230



 <> Thata‚kaya = Pond 800px-ZolliWildAss



 <> Thana = Grass 220px-Grass dsc08672-nevit



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Keti Alpapraana Thayanna   

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FORTY NINE

 Keti Alpapraana Thayanna   

Keti Alpapraana Thayanna  is the modification of the twenty-fourth Sinhalese consonant. The left half of letter  written as  is often combined with a limited number of consonants to produce ligated letter complexes. This semi-letter form produces the same effect as adding "alkireema"[aspirate symbol] to "tha" to produce the aspirated form with a "thh'" sound. e.g.  [th'thwa],  [th'tha]



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

With a pen or pencil draw a dark oval at the level of the 'horizontal height' rule, and stroke the pen from the top towards the right to make a small tight arc to look like a large "comma". From the bottom of the "hook', next start a new stroke in a clockwise direction and make a reversed "C" towards the 'baseline' rule. The bottom of this semi-circle should sit on the 'baseline'. Continue to stroke the pen from the bottom end of the semi-circle gradually to the left and upwards, stopping midway between the 'horizontal height' and 'baseline' rules.

Then reverse the direction and make an arc townwards the'horizontal height' rule. ending just below the 'horizontal height' rule. Well done you made the "Keti Alpapraana Thayanna  ".

This is the second partial consonant letter of the Sinhalese alphabet and is a horizontal one as it lies between the 'horizontal height' and 'baseline' rules.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

KetiAlpapraanaThayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Keti Alparaana Thayanna  can occur anywhere in a word, except initially.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Sath'tha = Caravan free 13769873



 <> Sath'vaya‚ = Animal pangolin



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Mahaapraana Thayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY

 Mahaapraana Thayanna  

Mahaapraana Thayanna  is the twenty-fifth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Mahaapraana Thayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "tha". It has the compound sound of English "th" represented as in "thud".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

MahaapraanaThayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Mahapraana Thayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Thadhdha = Hard/Firm hard



 <> Thalaja = Earthly wildflowes 340x230



 <> Thalaya = Land windswept-tree-1098923-s



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Alpapraana Dhayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY ONE

 Alpapraana Dhayanna  

Alpapraana Dhayanna  is the twenty-sixth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Alpapraana Dhayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "the". It has the compound sound of English "the" represented as in "the", "thus" and "other".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

AlpapraanaDhayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Alpapraana Dhayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Dhajaya = Flag flag



 <> Dhan~gsaya = Tooth tooth



 <> Dhakuna = Right rthand



 <> Dhan~garaya = Coil coil



 <> Dhatha = Tooth tooth



 <> Dhana = Knee knee



 <> Dhana = Wealth debt



 <> Dhanuwa = Bow bow



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Sangnghaka Vayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY TWO

 Sangnghaka Vayanna  

Sangnghaka Vayanna  is the twenty-seventh Sinhalese consonant. It is vocalized as a coalece of "th-wa", but in English this compound sound does ot appear.



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

SanyakaVayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Sangnghaka Vayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Dhwanaya = Pair 239px-Buttermilk-(right)-and-Milk-(left)



 <> Dhwaya = Pair pair



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Mahaapraana Dhayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY THREE

 Mahaapraana Dhayanna  

Mahaapraana Dhayanna  is the twenty-eighth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Mahaapraana Dhayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "the". It has the compound sound of English "the" represented as in "the", "thus" and "other".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

MahaapraanaDhayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Mahaapraana Dhayanna  can occur inside a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Dhataya = Scales scales1



 <> Dhanaya = Prosperity debt



 <> Dhanuwa = Bow bow



 <> Dharaya = Mountain adamspeak



 <> Dhar'maya = Doctrine sil



 <> Dhawala = White



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Sangnghaka Mahaapraana Dhayanna   

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY FOUR

 Sangnghaka Mahaapraana Dhayanna   

Sangnghaka Mahaapraana Dhayanna  is the twenty-ninth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Sangnghaka Mahaapraana Dhayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "ntha". It has the compound sound of English "n-the" represented as in a coalesce "in-the".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

Sangnghaka 
Mahaapraana Dhayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Sangnghaka Mahaapraana Dhayanna  can occur only in the middle and end of a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Andhaya‚ = Blind person blind



 <> Thadhdha = Hard/Firm hard



 <> Buddha = Wise person buddha



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Dantaja Nayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY FIVE

 Dantaja Nayanna  

Dantaja Nayanna  is the thirtieth Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Dantaja Nayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "na". It has the compound sound of English "n" represented as in "nun", "number", "nut".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

DantajaNayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Dantaja Nayanna  can occur anywhere in a word.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Nakatha = Star Ngc6397 hst blue straggler



 <> Nakuta = Tail tail



 <> Naguta = Tail pangolin



 <> Nakhaya = Toe/Finger nail fingernail



 <> Nagaraya = Town town



 <> Nagula = Plough ploughing



 <> Natanawa‚ = Dance dances



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Keti Dantaja Nayanna    

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY SIX

 Keti Dantaja Nayanna   

Keti Dantaja Nayanna  is the modification of the thirtieth Sinhalese consonant, Dantaja Nayanna ". The left half of letter "Dantaja Nayanna " written as  . It is often combined with a limited number of consonants to produce ligated letter complexes. This  semi-letter form produces the same effect as adding "alkireema"[aspirate symbol] to "na" to produce the aspirated form with a "nn'" sound. e.g.  [n'nwa] ;  [n'ndha]



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

KetiDantajaNayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Keti Dantaja Nayanna  can occur inside a word, after ligating with another valid consonant, but cannot appear initially.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Nan'dhanaya‚ = Son childeren



 <> Nan'dhaya = Joy mouth



 <> Chan'dhaya = Intention/Vote party



 <> Chan'dhana = Sandal wood sandawood



 <> Chan'dhraya‚ = Moon 280px-FullMoon2010



 <> San'dhya‚ = Evening 240 F 54651413qk6xewjWf598Wcn9XgGR1MYtDh0XYWQF



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This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

Sinhalese Consonant  Sangnghaka Dhayanna  

"Sinhalese Primer   " on-line by Professor Sisira Ranasinghe M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.S.C.P   


LESSON FIFTY SEVEN

 Sangnghaka Dhayanna  

Sangnghaka Dhayanna  is the thirty-first Sinhalese consonant. When no vowel is written with it, like all the consonants, "Sangnghaka Dhayanna " is vocalized by means of the first vowel , which though unwritten is pronounced after it, as "ndha". It has the short sound of English coalesce, "ng-the" represented as in "sing-the".



How to write this letter:

Practice writing this letter by following the graphic sequence shown below, beginning from the left and finishing the final character form which is illustrated at the right end. The thin red line with arrow tip shows the writing direction and progressive steps to construct the symbol.

GUIDELINES:

Within the yellow rectangle there are three horizontal guide lines, the topmost is the level for UPRIGHT (Vertically oriented) letters. The lowermost rule is the BASELINE. Every character should sit on this rule. So, the middle rule is the height guide for the HORIZONTAL (Low profile) letters. Most letters of the Sinhalese alphabet lie between the baseline and intermediate rule.

SangnghakaDhayanna

IMPORTANT INGUISTIC FEATURES (GRAMMAR RULES):

1. Sangnghaka Dhayanna  can occur anywhere in a word, except initially.


SINHALESE WORDS <> DIGITALLY GENERATED ENGLISH TRANSLITERATION = ENGLISH MEANINGS:

 <> Aen~dha = Bed bed Anne



 <> Lin~dha = Wellhotspringswell



  • Press play to listen to all these words



This web-based lesson is Copyright 2014 property of it's author Dr. Sisira Ranasinghe, SRILIA.COM and the affiliate websites.

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